January 9, 2018 9:22 pm JST

Tencent, Alibaba rule among Asian companies

Stocks up 30% but few new entities made list dominated by China, Japan again

YUSHO CHO, Nikkei staff writer

SHANGHAI -- At the end of 2017, the most valuable companies in Asia were, unsurprisingly, Tencent Holdings and Alibaba Group Holding. Reflecting growth in China's internet economy, both companies' market value more than doubled, and were substantially higher than the average of almost 30%. But a closer look at the list of Asia's most valuable companies showed that the same Chinese and Japanese enterprises continued to dominate and there was little by way of new blood from those two countries and elsewhere.

The 50 most valuable Asian stocks in dollar terms by the close of trade on Dec. 29 included 13 telecommunications and information technology companies, accounting for 40% of the total market capitalization of the entities on the list.

Tencent led the pack at $493.3 billion after adding $261.4 billion to its valuation in 2017. The stock has racked up more gains in the new year, putting the tech conglomerate's market cap at roughly $539 billion based on Jan. 9's closing price in Hong Kong. This brings it within striking distance of Facebook and Amazon.com, which stood at $547 billion and at $600 billion, respectively, at the end of trade on Jan. 8.

Change at the top

Tencent's WeChat social media platform has nearly a billion users, while second-place Alibaba's strength lies in e-commerce. Both have enjoyed meteoric growth, thanks partly to the government largely closing off the internet sector to foreign participation.

The duo's forays into mobile payments, now commonplace in China, have further piqued investor interest. Mobile payments totaled 29.49 trillion yuan ($4.54 trillion) in the July-September quarter. Tencent and Alibaba together control more than 90% of the still-growing market, with such services now used for stores and restaurants, taxis, meals and bicycle rentals.

Despite such problems as mounting corporate and local-government debt, China's economy is expanding well over 6% annually, and consumer spending growth remains in the double digits. Foreign investors are pouring money into Tencent and Alibaba in the hope that their duopoly in payment-processing infrastructure will help them tap Chinese consumer and service markets.

Ping An Insurance Group's market cap also more than doubled last year to $193.9 billion. Large-scale investments over the years in artificial intelligence and big data have led investors to view the Shenzhen-based financial conglomerate as a financial technology company. Chairman and CEO Peter Ma Mingzhe, together with Alibaba's Jack Ma Yun and Tencent's Pony Ma Huateng, are collectively referred to as the "three Mas" of corporate China.

A roughly 160% surge in market cap lifted Hangzhou Hikvision Digital Technology, the world's top maker of surveillance cameras, to 40th place. The company has used its close ties to the Chinese government to dominate the domestic market while capitalizing on demand abroad as countries strengthen defenses against terrorism. Hikvision has also actively pursued partnerships with the likes of Intel and SAP to develop cutting-edge new products.

Chips and cars

Tech companies outside mainland China are also faring well. Though South Korea's Samsung Electronics slipped to third place in 2017 from first a year earlier, its market cap still rose nearly 50%. Chip foundry Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co. ranked ninth.

The spread of "internet of things" technology is fueling demand for chips. Heavy investment by both Samsung and TSMC in producing more-advanced semiconductors has convinced investors that the pair can remain competitive in the future. Greg Roh, an analyst at Hyundai Motor Investment & Securities, recommends a "buy-and-hold" strategy for Samsung, given favorable sector fundamentals and improving shareholder return policies.

Roh forecast in a December research note that chip supply, especially DRAM where Samsung holds the biggest market share, will remain tight through 2019. Wafers are expected to be on short supply as well, making it "difficult to increase semiconductor capacity as much as desired, with the exception of tier-one chipmakers or foundry companies," said Roh, hinting that favorable conditions will continue for Samsung and TSMC.

China leads the pack by a large margin, with 26 businesses in the top 50, but Japan is also well-represented, with 14 companies. Its top entry is Toyota Motor in seventh place, while Honda Motor ranked 32nd, reflecting the continued competitiveness and brand strength of the nation's auto industry. But China is making its presence felt here as well. SAIC Motor placed 36th thanks to growing sales of vehicles produced jointly with Volkswagen and General Motors.

Among other Japanese businesses, the stocks of Sony and Nintendo rose significantly in the year. Sony gained as a result of a major cut in fixed costs over the years, while also profiting from smartphone sensors and its gaming business. Its hugely popular console Nintendo Switch has helped to propel higher the share price of the Kyoto-based gaming equipment company.

Keyence saw a particularly marked rise in market cap on strong sales of sensors for factory automation equipment. Overseas sales accounted for a record 54% or so of the overall tally in its most recent data, but President Akinori Yamamoto sees room for further growth beyond its home country. Japanese companies' deep pockets and their ability to spend leaves them well-positioned to profit from the growth of China and other Asian economies.

Biggest winners

Numerous Asian companies have seen their stock prices swell at least 10-fold over the last decade, including many that did not make the top 50.

Of the 136 businesses that accomplished this feat -- 50% of the global total -- India accounts for the largest share at 45, including Eicher Motors, whose main products include the iconic Royal Enfield motorcycles and Eicher branded commercial vehicles. Southeast Asia ranks second at 27, followed by Japan at 24, China at 16 and Hong Kong at 9.

Royal Enfield motorcycle is displayed at Royal Enfield's flagship store in Bangkok. © Reuters

South Korea's Celltrion, which has gained prominence as a developer of biosimilars for blockbuster drugs, enjoyed the sharpest rise among Asian companies valued at $10 billion or more at the end of last year, with its stock price ballooning 75-fold since 2007. Its efforts to develop novel treatments fueled investor hopes of further growth.

Asian stocks put in solid performances across the board last year, with many reaching fresh highs. A total of 84 of Nikkei's Asia300 companies to watch climbed to all-time highs last year.

Several businesses hit post-listing highs Dec. 29, the final trading day of the year, and continued rallying in the new year. These include developer China Vanke -- No. 47 in terms of market cap -- as well as Philippine retail giant SM Investments and Vietnam Dairy Products, or Vinamilk.

Same old names

But aside from certain tech companies, the Asian top 50 ranking has not changed much over the last decade. Of the 40 Chinese and Japanese businesses on the list, more than half were also there in 2007.

Listed arms of major state-owned enterprises, particularly in finance and energy, dominate the Chinese entries. Three of the big four state-owned banks -- Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC), China Construction Bank (CCB), and Bank of China (BOC) -- as well as China Life Insurance, China Merchants Bank and Bank of Communications have stayed in the top 50. Agricultural Bank of China (ABC), one of the big four banks, was not listed a decade ago, but ranks 11th last year.

PetroChina, the most valuable Asian company in 2007, was in sixth place in 2017. The other two Chinese oil majors -- China Petroleum & Chemical, better known as Sinopec, and CNOOC -- have also maintained positions in the top 50. The country's largest coal producer, China Shenhua Energy, was also on both lists, reflecting growing energy demand in the world's second-biggest economy.

The situation is similar for corporate Japan, where megabanks and former state monopolies have hung on. Though Mizuho Financial Group dropped off the list, Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group and Sumitomo Mitsui Financial Group made it. Nippon Telegraph & Telephone (NTT) and Japan Tobacco were once state-owned, and the Japanese finance minister is still legally required to hold a third or more of their outstanding shares.

The total valuation of Asian companies rose 28% last year to $25.75 trillion. The region now accounts for 31.8% of global market capitalization, up 1 percentage point from 2016 but down from the 2015 peak of 32.2%. Asia has 4,085 businesses worth at least $1 billion, making up 46.5% of the global total, a 0.3-point drop from a year earlier.

The big corporate tax cut pushed through in the U.S. last year will likely boost earnings there in 2018, while the Federal Reserve is expected to raise interest rates about three times this year. Should the dollar strengthen against Asian currencies, capital could flow out of Asian markets and into America.

Nikkei staff writer Hiroshi Kotani in Bangkok and Nikkei Asian Review editor Kenji Kawase in Tokyo contributed to this story.

Asia300

Tencent Holdings Ltd.

China

Market(Ticker): HKG(700)
Sector:
Industry:
Technology Services
Internet Software/Services
Market cap(USD): 549,704.93M
Shares: 9,499.05M
Asia300

Alibaba Group Holding Ltd.

China

Market(Ticker): NYS(BABA)
Sector:
Industry:
Retail Trade
Internet Retail
Market cap(USD): 471,306.41M
Shares: 2,555.89M
Asia300

Ping An Insurance (Group) Co. of China Ltd.

China

Market(Ticker): HKG(2318)
Sector:
Industry:
Finance
Multi-Line Insurance
Market cap(USD): 219,693.90M
Shares: 18,280.24M
Asia300

Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.

South Korea

Market(Ticker): KRX(005930)
Sector:
Industry:
Electronic Technology
Telecommunications Equipment
Market cap(USD): 335,755.32M
Shares: 147.34M
Asia300

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd.

Taiwan

Market(Ticker): TAI(2330)
Sector:
Industry:
Electronic Technology
Semiconductors
Market cap(USD): 224,294.56M
Shares: 25,930.38M

Toyota Motor Corp.

Japan

Market(Ticker): TKS(7203)
Sector:
Industry:
Consumer Durables
Motor Vehicles
Market cap(USD): 227,590.79M
Shares: 3,262.99M

Honda Motor Co., Ltd.

Japan

Market(Ticker): TKS(7267)
Sector:
Industry:
Consumer Durables
Motor Vehicles
Market cap(USD): 65,352.15M
Shares: 1,811.42M
Asia300

SAIC Motor Corp. Ltd.

China

Market(Ticker): SHG(600104)
Sector:
Industry:
Consumer Durables
Motor Vehicles
Market cap(USD): 59,695.58M
Shares: 11,683.46M

KEYENCE Corp.

Japan

Market(Ticker): TKS(6861)
Sector:
Industry:
Electronic Technology
Electronic Equipment/Instruments
Market cap(USD): 78,493.68M
Shares: 121.60M
Asia300

Celltrion, Inc.

South Korea

Market(Ticker): KRX(068270)
Sector:
Industry:
Health Technology
Biotechnology
Market cap(USD): 37,316.21M
Shares: 125.11M
Asia300

China Vanke Co., Ltd.

China

Market(Ticker): HKG(2202)
Sector:
Industry:
Finance
Real Estate Development
Market cap(USD): 66,504.12M
Shares: 11,039.15M
Asia300

SM Investments Corp.

Philippines

Market(Ticker): PHS(SM)
Sector:
Industry:
Retail Trade
Department Stores
Market cap(USD): 24,707.92M
Shares: 1,204.58M
Asia300

Vietnam Dairy Products Corp.

Vietnam

Market(Ticker): STC(VNM)
Sector:
Industry:
Consumer Non-Durables
Food: Meat/Fish/Dairy
Market cap(USD): 13,136.96M
Shares: 1,451.26M
Asia300

Industrial & Commercial Bank of China Ltd.

China

Market(Ticker): HKG(1398)
Sector:
Industry:
Finance
Major Banks
Market cap(USD): 378,584.08M
Shares: 356,406.25M
Asia300

China Construction Bank Corp.

China

Market(Ticker): HKG(939)
Sector:
Industry:
Finance
Major Banks
Market cap(USD): 274,360.45M
Shares: 250,010.98M
Asia300

Bank of China Ltd.

China

Market(Ticker): HKG(3988)
Sector:
Industry:
Finance
Major Banks
Market cap(USD): 191,714.73M
Shares: 294,387.78M
Asia300

Agricultural Bank of China

China

Market(Ticker): HKG(1288)
Sector:
Industry:
Finance
Regional Banks
Market cap(USD): 222,261.35M
Shares: 324,794.10M
Asia300

China Life Insurance Co. Ltd.

China

Market(Ticker): HKG(2628)
Sector:
Industry:
Finance
Life/Health Insurance
Market cap(USD): 125,493.89M
Shares: 28,264.70M
Asia300

PetroChina Co., Ltd.

China

Market(Ticker): HKG(857)
Sector:
Industry:
Energy Minerals
Integrated Oil
Market cap(USD): 242,456.40M
Shares: 183,020.97M
Asia300

China Petroleum & Chemical Corp.

China

Market(Ticker): HKG(386)
Sector:
Industry:
Energy Minerals
Integrated Oil
Market cap(USD): 126,009.26M
Shares: 121,071.20M
Asia300

CNOOC Ltd.

Hong Kong

Market(Ticker): HKG(883)
Sector:
Industry:
Energy Minerals
Oil & Gas Production
Market cap(USD): 69,333.32M
Shares: 44,647.45M
Asia300

China Shenhua Energy Co. Ltd.

China

Market(Ticker): HKG(1088)
Sector:
Industry:
Energy Minerals
Coal
Market cap(USD): 71,789.10M
Shares: 19,889.61M

Mizuho Financial Group, Inc.

Japan

Market(Ticker): TKS(8411)
Sector:
Industry:
Finance
Major Banks
Market cap(USD): 49,358.26M
Shares: 25,389.64M

Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group, Inc.

Japan

Market(Ticker): TKS(8306)
Sector:
Industry:
Finance
Major Banks
Market cap(USD): 111,344.16M
Shares: 14,027.69M

Sumitomo Mitsui Financial Group, Inc.

Japan

Market(Ticker): TKS(8316)
Sector:
Industry:
Finance
Major Banks
Market cap(USD): 67,245.17M
Shares: 1,414.44M

Nippon Telegraph & Telephone Corp.

Japan

Market(Ticker): TKS(9432)
Sector:
Industry:
Communications
Major Telecommunications
Market cap(USD): 98,589.39M
Shares: 2,096.39M

Japan Tobacco Inc.

Japan

Market(Ticker): TKS(2914)
Sector:
Industry:
Consumer Non-Durables
Tobacco
Market cap(USD): 65,233.64M
Shares: 2,000M

Sony Corp.

Japan

Market(Ticker): TKS(6758)
Sector:
Industry:
Consumer Durables
Electronics/Appliances
Market cap(USD): 62,854.66M
Shares: 1,265.24M

Nintendo Co., Ltd.

Japan

Market(Ticker): TKS(7974)
Sector:
Industry:
Consumer Durables
Recreational Products
Market cap(USD): 61,695.69M
Shares: 141.66M

Get Insights on Asia In Your Inbox

To read the full story, Subscribe or Log in

Get your first month for $0.99

Redeemable only through the Subscribe button below

Once subscribed, you can…

  • Read all stories with unlimited access
  • Use our smartphone and tablet apps

To read the full story, Subscribe or Log in

3 months for $9
SUBSCRIBE TODAY

Take advantage of this limited offer.
Subscribe now to get unlimited access to all articles.

To read the full story, Update your account

Resubscribe now to continue reading.
BEST OFFER:
Only US$ 9.99 per month for a full-year subscription

To read the full story, Subscribe or Log in

Once subscribed, you can…

  • Read all stories with unlimited access
  • Use our smartphone and tablet apps

To read the full story, Subscribe or Log in

3 months for $9
SUBSCRIBE TODAY

Take advantage of this limited offer.
Subscribe now to get unlimited access to all articles.

To read the full story, Update your account

We could not renew your subscription.
You need to update your payment information.