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Vietnam blocks new airlines until 2022 despite market duopoly

Hanoi prioritizes existing carriers Vietnam Air and VietJet

A Jetstar Pacific plane at Noi Bai International Airport in Hanoi: Qantas Airways plans to sell its stake in the carrier to joint venture partner Vietnam Airlines.   © Reuters

HANOI -- Vietnam plans to freeze approval for new entries to the airline industry until 2022, a move that threatens to solidify the virtual duopoly already in place.

The chilled business climate caused by the novel coronavirus makes supporting existing airlines the top priority, Transport Minister Nguyen Van The said.

Currently five commercial airlines operate within Vietnam, but two top players dominate the market. With Australia's Qantas Airways offloading its 30% stake in Jetstar Pacific, a joint venture with Vietnam Airlines, the state's move to block additional competition has raised concerns about higher ticket prices. 

Flag carrier Vietnam Airlines and low-cost carrier VietJet Air command a combined 75% market share. Jetstar Pacific holds another 10% or more of the market.

Foreign competitors face high barriers to entry. Among other restrictions, foreign ownership of a domestic airline is capped at 34%.

"It's difficult to gain approval from authorities in the first place," said an insider at an airline.

Malaysia's AirAsia Group, Southeast Asia's largest budget carrier, tried four times to enter Vietnam's market with no success. Unlike other major Southeast Asian economies that have welcomed foreign LLCs, Vietnam does not have foreign-owned budget airlines operating in the market.

The route between Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City in southern Vietnam is the world's fourth busiest domestic corridor in terms of seats offered, making it the most lucrative in Southeast Asia. The Vietnamese air travel market as a whole has grown nearly 20% annually for the past five years.

With the coronavirus pandemic under control within Vietnamese borders, the number of domestic flights has been restored to year-earlier levels.  

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