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Hong Kong Exchanges & Clearing Ltd.

Company Background

Hong Kong Exchanges & Clearing (HKEx) is a global operator of exchanges and clearing houses, one of the world's largest exchange groups by market capitalization. It operates the stock market, futures market and four clearing houses through its subsidiaries in the region. The bourse has been around 6% owned by the Hong Kong government.

The company also has expanded its commodities trading business. In 2012, it acquired the London Metal Exchange, one of the world's leading industrial metals exchanges. The LME business contributes about 20% to HKEx's overall revenue. HKEx seeks to create a commodities trading scheme with mainland China and London, aiming to promote investor convenience in the major metals market and to increase income from trading fees.

Charles Li Xiaojia became CEO of HKEx in 2010. Li is boosting the group's global competitiveness through strengthening partnerships with mainland China markets. HKEx has partnered with the Shanghai Stock Exchange and the Shenzhen Stock Exchange on the China Exchanges Services Co., which is to develop cross-border indexes based on products traded on these markets. It also opened the stock connection with Shanghai in November 2014. HKEx in June 2015 approved a new three-year term for Li, until October 2018.

Business Summary

Hong Kong Exchanges & Clearing Ltd. engages in the operation of stock and futures markets. It operates though the following segments: Cash; Equity and Financial Derivatives; Commodities; Clearing; and Platform and Infrastructure. The Cash segment covers equity products traded on the Cash Market platforms and Shanghai Stock Exchange. The Equity and Financial Derivatives segment includes derivatives products traded on Hong Kong Futures Exchange Limited and the Stock Exchange, and other related activities. The Commodities segment operates an exchange in the United Kingdom for the trading of base metals futures and options contracts. The Clearing segment provides clearing, settlement, depository, and custody and nominee services. The Platform and Infrastructure segment refers to services in connection with providing users with access to the platform and infrastructure. The company was founded on July 8, 1999 and is headquartered in Hong Kong.

Financial Highlights

Dec 2020 HKDUSD
Gross Profit17,248M2,223.82M
Operating income13,570M1,749.61M
Income before tax13,263M1,710.03M
Net income11,505M1,483.36M
Diluted EPS9.081.17
Dividends Per Share8.171.05
Total Assets399,106M51,471.98M
Total liabilities349,870M45,122.10M
Total equity48,918M6,308.86M
Operating cash flow61,539M7,934.37M
Currency in HKDCurrency in USD

Historical Data

 Dec 2016Dec 2017Dec 2018Dec 2019Dec 2020
Revenue 11,018M 12,443M 15,973M 16,311M 19,190M
Gross Profit -- -- -- 14,687M 17,248M
Operating income 6,809M 8,544M 10,911M 11,042M 13,570M
Income before tax 6,799M 8,610M 10,883M 10,919M 13,263M
Net income 5,769M 7,404M 9,312M 9,391M 11,505M
EBITDA 7,580M 9,402M 11,673M 12,287M 14,767M
Diluted EPS 4.75 6.02 7.48 7.47 9.08
Dividends Per Share 4.25 5.40 6.71 6.71 8.17
Total Assets 247,318M 317,604M 255,948M 279,051M 399,106M
Total liabilities 214,934M 280,229M 215,045M 234,550M 349,870M
Total equity 32,266M 37,273M 40,729M 44,173M 48,918M
Operating cash flow 4,716M 16,777M 8,624M 28,493M 61,539M
 Dec 2016Dec 2017Dec 2018Dec 2019Dec 2020
Revenue 1,419.39M 1,596.72M 2,038.01M 2,081.75M 2,474.21M
Gross Profit -- -- -- 1,874.48M 2,223.82M
Operating income 877.17M 1,096.39M 1,392.14M 1,409.28M 1,749.61M
Income before tax 875.88M 1,104.86M 1,388.57M 1,393.58M 1,710.03M
Net income 743.19M 950.10M 1,188.12M 1,198.56M 1,483.36M
EBITDA 976.49M 1,206.49M 1,489.36M 1,568.17M 1,903.94M
Diluted EPS 0.61 0.77 0.95 0.95 1.17
Dividends Per Share 0.54 0.69 0.85 0.85 1.05
Total Assets 31,899.03M 40,628.34M 32,690.83M 35,813.41M 51,471.98M
Total liabilities 27,722.15M 35,847.28M 27,466.52M 30,102.15M 45,122.10M
Total equity 4,161.66M 4,768.01M 5,202.09M 5,669.16M 6,308.86M
Operating cash flow 607.53M 2,152.88M 1,100.34M 3,636.53M 7,934.37M

Valuation Measures

Dec 2020
Operating margin70.71%
Profit margin59.95%

Key executives

  • Chief Executive Officer & Director: Alejandro Nicolas Aguzin
  • Co-President, COO & Executive Director: Chi Kin Tai
  • Co-President: Romnesh Lamba
  • Group Chief Financial Officer: Bik Yun Lau
  • Group Chief Technology Officer: Chung Kwong Leung


  • Government of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (5.9%)
  • E Fund Management Co., Ltd. (2.8%)
  • The Vanguard Group, Inc. (2.3%)
  • BlackRock Fund Advisors (1.7%)
  • Norges Bank Investment Management (1.6%)
  • JPMorgan Investment Management, Inc. (1.6%)
  • Capital Research & Management Co. (World Investors) (1.4%)
  • Baillie Gifford & Co. (1.0%)
  • Capital Research & Management Co. (Global Investors) (1.0%)
  • UBS Asset Management (Hong Kong) Ltd. (0.9%)

Contact Details

  • Website:
  • Address: 12th Floor, One International Finance Centre, Hong Kong, Hong Kong
  • Phone: +852.2522.1122

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  • HKSCC Nominees Ltd.


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Last Updated on 29 Nov, 2021

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