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Consumer Non-Durables

Olam International Ltd.

Company Background

Olam was established in 1989 in Nigeria by Indian conglomerate Kewalram Chanrai Group. It eventually incorporated in Singapore as Olam International in 1995. The company started as an exporting company for agricultural products such as raw cashew nuts from Nigeria to India. Olam has since expanded its trading business to 65 countries with products now including grains, sugar and palm oil as well as materials for industry such as rubber, fertilizer and wood products. It is now one of the world's largest suppliers of cocoa and coffee. Following its initial public offering in 2005, Olam's growth strategy shifted to include mergers and acquisitions. The company has acquired stakes in various food and industrial material-related companies, including a 20% stake in Malaysian PureCircle, a producer of food sweeteners.

In 2012, Olam's stock price was hit by allegations from U.S.-based Muddy Waters over its acquisition and accounting practices, accusations denied by Olam. Recently, the company has taken initiatives to optimize its balance sheets by reducing stakes in noncore businesses. Investor sentiments were boosted when a consortium led by Temasek Holdings, Singapore's sovereign wealth fund, bought a majority stake in the company. Sunny George Verghese is the current group managing director and CEO of Olam. Verghese has led Olam since he built the business for Kewalram Chanrai Group while in Nigeria. Prior to joining the company, he worked for Unilever in India.

Business Summary

Olam International Ltd. engages in sourcing, processing, packaging, and merchandising of agricultural products. It operates through the following segments: Edible Nuts & Spices; Confectionery & Beverage Ingredients; Industrial Raw Materials, Infrastructure & Logistics; Food Staples & Packaged Foods; and Commodity Financial Services. The Edible Nuts & Spices segment produces Edible Nuts (cashew, peanuts, almonds, hazelnuts, pistachios, walnuts, sesame and beans including pulses, lentils and peas), spices and vegetable ingredients (including pepper, onion, garlic, capsicums and tomato). The Confectionery & Beverage Ingredients segment includes cocoa and coffee. The Industrial Raw Materials, Infrastructure & Logistics segment manufactures cotton, wood products, rubber, fertilizer and Gabon Special Economic Zone, including ports and infrastructure. The Food Staples & Packaged Foods segment comprises of rice, sugar and sweeteners, grains and animal feed, edible oils, dairy, and packaged foods. The Commodity Financial Services segment provides risk management solutions, market-making, volatility and asset management, and trade and structured finance. The company was founded by Sunny George Verghese in 1989 and is headquartered in Singapore.

Financial Highlights

Dec 2018 SGDUSD
Gross Profit1,322.01M979.77M
Operating income758.12M561.86M
Income before tax380.61M282.08M
Net income292.38M216.69M
Diluted EPS0.090.06
Dividends Per Share0.070.05
Total Assets23,446.81M17,202.36M
Total liabilities18,029.16M13,227.56M
Total equity5,278.96M3,873.04M
Operating cash flow1,484.26M1,100.02M
Currency in SGDCurrency in USD

Historical Data

 Jun 2014Dec 2015Dec 2016Dec 2017Dec 2018
Revenue 19,421.80M 18,820.48M 20,587.03M 26,272.52M 30,479.05M
Gross Profit 1,367.37M 948.57M 1,188.27M 936.43M 1,322.01M
Operating income 995.12M 555.89M 741.44M 443.11M 758.12M
Income before tax 745.59M 157.17M 433.40M 630.89M 380.61M
Net income 590.49M 49.16M 317.74M 524.10M 292.38M
EBITDA 1,210.70M 783.88M 1,094.92M 823.79M 1,150.95M
Diluted EPS 0.24 0.01 0.11 0.17 0.09
Dividends Per Share 0.05 0.06 0.06 0.07 0.07
Total Assets 16,306.59M 20,792.35M 23,468.88M 22,298.54M 23,446.81M
Total liabilities 12,084.26M 15,670.79M 18,764.99M 16,723.29M 18,029.16M
Total equity 4,200.18M 4,880.98M 4,467.92M 5,397.80M 5,278.96M
Operating cash flow -298.67M -543.57M 619.61M 1,680.11M 1,484.26M
 Jun 2014Dec 2015Dec 2016Dec 2017Dec 2018
Revenue 15,416.16M 13,685.05M 14,911.13M 19,031.46M 22,588.73M
Gross Profit 1,085.36M 689.74M 860.66M 678.33M 979.77M
Operating income 789.88M 404.21M 537.02M 320.98M 561.86M
Income before tax 591.81M 114.28M 313.91M 457.01M 282.08M
Net income 468.70M 35.75M 230.14M 379.65M 216.69M
EBITDA 961.00M 569.98M 793.05M 596.74M 853.00M
Diluted EPS 0.19 0.01 0.08 0.12 0.06
Dividends Per Share 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.05
Total Assets 13,080.32M 14,656.43M 16,244.81M 16,685.53M 17,202.36M
Total liabilities 9,693.39M 11,046.27M 12,988.85M 12,513.68M 13,227.56M
Total equity 3,369.17M 3,440.58M 3,092.63M 4,039.06M 3,873.04M
Operating cash flow -237.07M -395.25M 448.78M 1,217.04M 1,100.02M

Valuation Measures

Dec 2018
Operating margin2.48%
Profit margin0.95%

Key executives

  • Group Chief Executive Officer & Executive Director: Sunny George Verghese
  • Group Chief Financial Officer: Neelamani Muthukumar
  • CEO-Coffee & Managing Director: Vivek Verma
  • Chief Executive Officer-Edible Nuts & MD: Ashok Krishen
  • Chief Executive Officer-Cotton & Managing Director: Ashok Chandra Mohan Hegde


  • Temasek Capital Pte Ltd. (52.1%)
  • Mitsubishi Corp. (16.9%)
  • Kewalram Chanrai Holdings Ltd. (6.8%)
  • Orbis Investment Management Ltd. (6.7%)
  • Olam International Ltd. (2.5%)
  • The Vanguard Group, Inc. (0.4%)
  • Dimensional Fund Advisors LP (0.1%)
  • MAK SENG FOOK (0.0%)

Contact Details

  • Website:
  • Address: 7 Straits View, Marina One East Tower, Singapore, 018936, Singapore
  • Phone: +65.6339.4100

Related Companies

  • Olam Food Ingredients
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  • Olam International Ltd. /Arise Industrial Zones/
  • Aviv Tanzania Ltd.
  • Olam Deutschland GmbH
  • Olam (Uganda) Ltd.
  • Olam Cocoa Deutschland GmbH
  • Olam Agro Peru SAC
  • Olam Italia SRL
  • Olea Investment Holdings Pte Ltd.
  • Olam International UK Ltd.
  • Outspan Taiwan Ltd.
  • Invenio Merx LP
  • Olam Treasury Pte Ltd.
  • PT Ace Dalle Kokoa Manufaktur
  • Olam International - DMCC
  • Olam Agricola Ltda.
  • Congolaise Industrielle des Bois SA
  • Outspan Mexico SA de CV
  • Olam Agro Colombia SAS
  • Olam Agro Mexico SA de CV
  • Olam Holdings, Inc.
  • Olam Agro Guatemala SA
  • Olam Honduras SA de CV
  • Olam Nicaragua SA
  • Argonuts Ltd. /Hazelnut Processing Plant/
  • Outspan Guatemala SA
  • Outspan Ecuador SA
  • Olam Suisse SARL
  • YTS Holdings Pte Ltd.


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Last Updated on 24 Feb, 2020

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