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Economy

Number of babies born in Japan in 2018 drops to record low

With deaths at all-time high, natural population drop of 448,000 largest ever

Data from the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare shows the pace of Japan's population decline is picking up amid falling births and rising death rate.

TOKYO (Kyodo) -- The estimated number of babies born in Japan this year has dropped to the lowest since comparable data became available in 1899, government data showed Friday.

The figure for the year is estimated at 921,000, down 25,000 from a year earlier, staying below the 1 million mark for the third straight year, according to the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare.

Deaths during the year totaled an estimated 1.37 million, a postwar record high, and the resulting natural population decline of 448,000 was the largest ever.

The data shows that the pace of population decline is picking up amid the falling birthrate, suggesting it is increasingly difficult for the government to attain its goal of raising the total fertility rate to 1.8 by the end of fiscal 2025.

The total fertility rate is a measure of the average number of children born per woman of reproductive age, adjusted for the age profile of the female population and age-specific fertility rates. It stood at 1.43 in 2017 and 1.44 in 2016.

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has pledged to stem the population decline by expanding support for child care and education.

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