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Economy

Turkey inflation back to single digits by mid-2023: finance minister

With elections due next year, rate expected to start to fall in Q1 this year

A vendor sells vegetables at a street market in Istanbul on Jan. 4, as inflation spikes in Turkey.   © Reuters

ISTANBUL (Reuters) -- Turkey's annual inflation rate will be in single digits by the time presidential and parliamentary elections set for mid-2023 are held, Finance Minister Nureddin Nebati said on Saturday.

Inflation hit a 19-year high of 36% in December after the central bank slashed interest rates under pressure from President Tayyip Erdogan, causing a currency crisis that led to the lira shedding 44% of its value in 2021.

Speaking to heads of nongovernmental organizations in Istanbul, Nebati said Turkey's only problem now was high inflation, and the volatility in the lira's exchange rate had settled.

"With fiscal policies and the steps that we will take, we will enter the elections... next year with single-digit inflation," Nebati said.

"We will all experience, see the change after the first quarter (of 2022)," he said about inflation.

Despite government officials' promises of bringing inflation down quickly, economic analysts say it could exceed 50% in coming months and remain elevated through the year.

The currency crisis was halted last month, thanks in part to costly currency interventions and to government incentives to reduce the dollar's appeal to savers.

Turks snatched up hard currencies as the lira sank to record lows against the dollar, and Turkish locals' forex and gold holdings hit a record high of $238.97 billion in December before they declined slightly to $234.3 billion by Jan. 7.

Nebati said on Saturday the conversion of forex holdings to Turkish lira will accelerate in coming weeks.

"The decline in forex deposit accounts has begun. We will see the declining trend in the forex deposit accounts continuing downward quickly," he said, adding that the central bank's reserves will rise as well.

Nebati said that as of Friday night more than 131 billion lira ($9.69 billion) had been deposited in accounts under the government scheme that protects lira deposits from forex depreciation.

Speaking in the western province of Aydin, Erdogan said the lira protection scheme had spoiled foreign economic "attacks."

"In the last few years, they specifically targeted our economy. They made countless efforts to create an economic crisis followed by political and social chaos," he said.

Erdogan said Turkey was aiming for $35 billion in tourism revenues this year, and $250 billion in exports.

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