Global outrage was sparked when President Trump signed an executive order on Jan. 27, barring nationals from seven Muslim-majority countries from entering the U.S. Reports emerged of people being detained at airports, and protests kicked off around the country. Though the order was stayed by a judge and a re-appeal rejected by the U.S. 9th Circuit Court, Trump pressed on. A second attempt at imposing travel restrictions through a March 6 executive order fell flat, blocked by a federal judge in Hawaii, but it is not clear that Trump is ready to give up just yet.
Trump has also sought to clamp down on immigration from Mexico, pledging to hire 5,000 more patrol agents and build a wall between the two countries through an executive order on Jan. 25.
A separate order issued the same day reinforced powers to deport undocumented immigrants and sought to cut federal funding to "sanctuary jurisdictions" -- cities like New York and Los Angeles which may shield undocumented immigrants from deportation.
More drastic plans may be in store. At a news conference on March 8, White House spokesman Sean Spicer spoke of taking a "comprehensive look" at the visa system, including the H-1B visa for skilled workers. Prior to the election, Trump had promised to eliminate "rampant, widespread H-1B abuse."
Drafts of other possible executive orders have been leaked, with one containing a plan to deport immigrants who become so-called "public charges" by relying on welfare programs like food stamps.
-- Ariana King, Nikkei staff writer