Unprecedented popular resistance to military rule, including the rapid growth of people's defense forces, has profoundly affected Myanmar's political and security dynamics. Two years after it seized power and ousted the elected National League for Democracy (NLD) government, Myanmar's ruling military junta is struggling to keep control despite savage attacks by its troops on the population.
Initially, many observers believed that the generals would swiftly return the country to normality after their takeover on Feb. 1, 2021. They saw the broad resistance movement as divided, and lacking cohesion. They were wrong.