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Around 100 workers -- mostly young women -- sew uniforms at this Japanese-owned factory in Vientiane in October. The company, Tominaga, also runs two facilities in China. It set up shop in Laos as part of a “China plus one” strategy, a trend among companies to diversify production away from the so-called factory of the world. Kazuhiro Tominaga, the garment maker’s CEO, praised Laotian workers and said electricity in the country is “stable and reasonably priced.”
Morning traffic flows toward the Patuxai, or Arc de Triomphe, in Vientiane. Vehicle ownership is surging, reflecting a rising standard of living but also leading to road congestion.
Men carry boxes off a ferry in Savannakhet, Laos’ second-largest city. Boats like this one, which carry goods as well as people, make 10 round trips per day between Savannakhet and the Thai city of Mukdahan. The wharfs on both sides of the Mekong are close to the city centers, allowing locals to make quick trips for shopping or hospital visits. The cities are also connected by the 1.6 km-long Second Thai-Lao Friendship Bridge. Savannakhet is home to a special economic zone that has attracted companies such as Nikon.
This square near the Mekong in Vientiane becomes a giant open-air aerobics studio on a nightly basis, complete with blasting music. For those disinclined to work up a sweat, a nearby nighttime market sells T-shirts, accessories and folk art.
Workers at Aeroworks (Laos) make parts for aircraft manufacturers, including U.S. leader Boeing. The plant is in the special economic zone in Savannakhet, known as Savan Park. The parts are transported to Bangkok via the East-West Economic Corridor -- an international trunk road that stretches west from Savannakhet and links Myanmar, Thailand, Laos and Vietnam. Then they are flown to the U.S. Tee Chee Seng, Savan Park's general manager, said the zone area is making great progress. "Infrastructure, such as water, electricity and communications, has been developed," he said. "This area is just waiting for more companies to move in."
The Third Thai-Lao Friendship Bridge, built in November 2011, spans the Mekong to connect Thailand's Nakhon Phanom Province with Thakhek, Khammouane in Laos. One complication: In Thailand, people drive on the left side of the road, while in Laos they drive on the right. On the bridge, the rule is to keep left; the changeover is made on the Laos side.
From its headwaters in the Tibetan mountains, the Mekong River runs through all the countries of mainland Southeast Asia: Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam. It is too shallow for large ships, so ferries are the main complement to bridges. Here, a monk disembarks from one of those ferries.
A truck turns onto the East-West Economic Corridor in Savannakhet. This cross-border road is a vital part of the region's transportation network.
The VITA Park Special Economic Zone, the first industrial park in the Laotian capital of Vientiane, opened in the summer of 2012. Workers are now constructing a power substation and laying water pipes at a rapid pace. There is also a plan to build a college that would provide vocational training and engage in some production as well. VITA Park is about 20 minutes by car from the city center; the Thai border is 20 minutes away as well. Over 20 companies from Japan, Thailand, Denmark and China have decided to set up shop there.
Employees of Savannakhet company Thong Laha Sinh make place mats, reusable shopping bags and pillow covers for Japan’s Muji brand. At present, 50 workers sew about 3,200 shopping bags a day. Half of them were once migrants in Thailand; now they take home a monthly salary of $240, about the same as what they earned in Thailand.
Employees work on the production line of KP Beau Lao, a company established by Japanese cosmetics makers in the special economic zone in Savannakhet. The company is now training workers in preparation for full-scale production of bath salt cubes with toys inside. “The workers here perform very high-quality work," said Hiroyuki Hoshi, the operation's managing director. "We hope to get them to work faster for the next stage.” On Sa, a 21-year-old who paints the toys, said: “This is my first time working in a factory. My income has become stable and I enjoy working with the people here.”
Farmers harvest rice along the national road connecting Vientiane and Savannakhet. It is a tradition for villagers to harvest together, with students and factory workers called in to help out.
Thailand's King Bhumibol Adulyadej, the world's longest-serving head of state, died at Bangkok's Siriraj Hospital on Oct. 13 after a prolonged illness. During his 70-year reign, King Bhumibol, the ninth king in the Chakri dynasty, served as a stabilizing force for the country. Nikkei staff photographer Nozomu Ogawa documented the nation's mourning.
India's economy is growing up under Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Nikkei senior staff writer Go Yamada in December visited Mumbai and Delhi, where he found Modinomics to be a crowd of new faces mixing with the old.
Pope Francis visited the Philippines between Jan. 15 and 19 as part of his recent tour of Asia. KEIICHIRO ASAHARA, Nikkei staff photographer followed his procession through Manila.
KEN KOBAYASHI, Nikkei staff photographer
Rohingya fleeing Myanmar endure almost unimaginable horrors to reach a new country, but their suffering does not end once their journey does. Many refugees have survived harrowing ordeals in Thailand's jungles and are now living in shelters in the country's southern provinces or facing the prospect of deportation by immigration authorities.
Pakistan’s economy, long plagued by terrorist attacks, political chaos and even natural disasters, is finally starting to catch a break.
Nikkei senior staff writer GO YAMADA went there to take a closer look at the turnaround. Find related stories in the Sept. 21-27, 2015, issue of the Nikkei Asian Review.
Nikkei staff photographer Keiichiro Asahara in early November focused his lenses on the people and streets of a country, Myanmar, as it was stepping up to democracy's door.