January 24, 2018 3:31 pm JST

Japan's exports to Asia hit record high

Semiconductor demand powers surge in shipments to China

SHOTARO TANI, Nikkei staff writer

Japan's overall shipment value rose by 11.8% in 2017, to 78.29 trillion yen.

TOKYO -- Japan's exports to Asia hit a record high in 2017, helping the country maintain a prolonged economic growth streak. 

Asia-bound exports rose 15.7% on the year to 42.9 trillion yen ($389.96 billion), while those to China alone surged 20.5% to 14.8 trillion yen. Both figures are fresh highs. 

Strong demand for semiconductor manufacturing equipment was the major factor, with shipment values rising by over 30% for all of Asia and nearly 50% for China.

The emergence of the internet of things, in which more and more devices are connected, drove purchases by manufacturers in countries such as China and South Korea.

The unprecedented flow to Asia pushed up Japan's overall export value by 11.8%, to 78.29 trillion yen -- the first increase in two years.

The share of exports to China hit 19%, up from 17.6% in 2016. The ratio had been tailing off since 2011 but is now recovering.

Exports to the U.S., where President Donald Trump may turn increasingly protectionist as midterm elections loom, rose 6.8% to 15.1 trillion yen, driven by a rise in shipments of large vehicles.

The Bank of Japan, which released its "Outlook for Economic Activity and Prices" report on Tuesday, said exports are "expected to continue their moderate increasing trend on the back of such growth in overseas economies," and that the increase in exports "is expected to underpin [Japan's] economy."

Despite the brisk shipments to Asia, Japan's trade surplus shrank 25.1% on the year to 2.9 trillion yen, as the uptrend in crude oil and other energy prices boosted the value of imports, as did a weaker yen.

For December only, the country logged a trade surplus for the seventh straight month, at 359 billion yen, but the number was 43.5% lower on the year. Exports in the month grew 9.3% on the year to 7.30 trillion yen, while imports climbed 14.9% to 6.94 trillion yen, the ministry said.

In any case, strong overseas demand has Japan's economy on a roll: It expanded for the seventh consecutive quarter in July-September, the longest uninterrupted stretch since 1994. 

"Net exports probably still expanded last quarter," said Marcel Thieliant, senior Japan economist at Capital Economics. "And given that household spending probably rebounded and investment spending continued to expand, the economy should have recorded another quarter of strong GDP growth in Q4."

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