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Constitutional 'jihad' takes Jakarta back to the future

JAKARTA -- Indonesia's second largest Muslim organization is waging a self-proclaimed "constitutional jihad" against the legal infrastructure of the market economy. But the campaign has less to do with religion than a broad-based reaction against globalization and market liberalism that has gathered pace under successive democratically-elected governments.

     Underlying the resurgence of nationalism is a smoldering resentment against foreign governments and multilateral financial institutions for compelling Indonesia to reduce subsidies, deregulate trade and investment policies and sell off state companies at the time of the 1997-98 financial crisis, when the country was at its weakest.

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