TOKYO -- French President Emmanuel Macron has called for the creation of a board of international experts to advise governments on how to regulate the development of artificial intelligence amid mounting concern that the technology could outstrip human control unless reined in.
"The development of AI should rely on international coordination to bring about positive innovation,"said Macron on Thursday in Tokyo at an event jointly organized by the Nikkei and the French embassy. Macron is visiting Japan, for the first time as president, to attend the G-20 summit that begins in Osaka on Friday.
Guidance from an international group of independent experts would allow for ethical reflection about AI development and be beneficial for government policymaking, he said. AI "should not be left only to private actors," he said, because it could have "massive consequences" for everyday life and the use of personal data.
"Sometimes we will need to set limits to innovation and give rules so that community can be preserved," Macron added.
France will chair a G-7 summit to be held in August in the coastal resort town of Biarritz. Macron said the meeting will focus on the themes of globalization and inequality, AI and other digital technology, and climate change and biodiversity. "We are facing three transformations or crises," Macron said. "It is not only the government... but every person and every company needs to change their habits."
Digital technology, including AI, can "bring tremendous opportunities"but at the same time "it can destabilize our society," Macron said. France in 2018 announced a national strategy to invest 1.5 billion euros ($1.7 billion) in AI by 2022.
Paris seeks to attract more top researchers in a bid to compete with the U.S. and China, the current global leaders in the sector. Japan’s Fujitsu, whose chairman also made a speech at Thursday's event, has already set up a new AI center in France.
Macron said Japan and France can invest and work together on digital development. “Our two countries need to continue investing into applied research to be at the forefront of leadership in digital innovation," he said.