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International relations

UK to apply for TPP membership early next year

London seeks to expand Asian trade in post-Brexit world

The U.K. seeks to join Japan, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Mexico, Peru, Chile and Brunei in the TPP.    © Getty Images

LONDON -- The U.K.'s enthusiasm for the Trans-Pacific Partnership is real. On Monday, the British government said it looks to submit a formal bid to join the free trade pact early next year. 

"I hope to be able to formally apply early next year," Liz Truss, the British international trade secretary, told parliament, adding that the 11-member TPP "will give British exporters access to the fast-growing Pacific market."

The announcement comes at a time when the U.K.'s negotiations with the European Union remain stalled ahead of a crucial year-end deadline. By joining the free trade bloc, Britain hopes to strengthen economic ties with Asia-Pacific countries and expand trade beyond Europe after Brexit.

To prepare its application, the U.K. will engage in individual closed-door meetings with the framework's existing members, which include Japan, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapore, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Mexico, Peru, Chile and Brunei. 

British membership in the TPP would also boost the bloc's clout, especially as it tries to curb China's economic influence in the Asia-Pacific. Existing TPP members accounted for 13% of the world's gross domestic product in 2018, according to the British government. The U.K. would have taken that figure to 16%.

David Warren, former U.K. ambassador to Japan, told Nikkei last week that it would be good for the U.K. to join the TPP to "become part of a strong 12 countries, important trading partners in the Pacific region."

"The Japanese government wanted to strengthen the TPP as much as they can by bringing as many major trading partners into the partnership as they can," Warren said. "Because it enables them to balance in a sense, the economic powers in the region against the rise of China."

Britain's International Trade Secretary Liz Truss says joining the Trans-Pacific Partnership would give the U.K. access to the 'fast-growing' Asia market.   © Reuters

TPP members last year accounted for just 7.8% of the U.K.'s total trade -- a much smaller percentage than 47.3% for the EU and 16.2% for the U.S.

The British government aims to cover 80% of its external trade with free trade agreements by the end of 2022. Even with a boost in trade with TPP members, the country will need to sign a deal with the EU to achieve this goal.

Most British companies believe reaching a trade deal with the EU is a priority, according to the Institute of Directors, an organization of business leaders with more than 25,000 members.

Relations between the U.K. and the EU have deteriorated rapidly since the British government this month unveiled a bill that would allow the U.K. to override parts of the Brexit treaty, an act the EU believes is in violation of international law. Sepculation is growing that the U.K. may fail to sign a trade deal with the EU before the Brexit transition period expires on Dec. 31.

Negotiations to join the TPP could face roadblocks as well. As a latecomer to the framework, the U.K. will be expected to essentially accept the terms of the deal as is.

"Can the U.K., which left the EU because it didn't like its rules, abide by those under the TPP?" said a source at a TPP member state.

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