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Japan-India nuclear deal raises proliferation concerns

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, left, watches as Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe addresses reporters in Tokyo on Friday.

TOKYO -- As the Japanese government pushes for quick ratification of a historic nuclear cooperation agreement signed with India on Friday, many question whether safeguards against military use and proliferation will work as intended.

Such deals are designed to ensure that any exports of nuclear materials and technology are used solely for peaceful purposes. They are a necessary step toward technological cooperation on nuclear reactors -- cooperation that if abused can lead to the proliferation of nuclear materials. The Japan-India deal bans military use and requires India to submit to inspections by the International Atomic Energy Agency.

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