The parent of the Chinese mainland's most valuable listed company, liquor-maker Kweichou Moutai Co. Ltd., plans to issue up to 15 billion yuan ($2.2 billion) in bonds to help another local government-owned company in debt-ridden Guizhou province repay its debts.
The bond issuance illustrates how a local government can leverage a profitable state-owned enterprise (SOE) to aid a peer and, by extension, the government itself, which is in theory responsible for the debts of the companies it owns.
With a market cap of more than 2 trillion yuan, Shanghai-listed Kweichou Moutai is controlled by China Kweichow Moutai Winery Group Co. Ltd. (Moutai Group), a wholly owned subsidiary of the provincial State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission (SASAC) in Guizhou province.
The Shanghai Stock Exchange has accepted the application for the bond issuance, which is pending regulatory approval, according to a prospectus filed Wednesday to the bourse.
Moutai Group, the issuer, plans to use some of the proceeds from the issuance to buy shares of Guizhou Expressway Group Co. Ltd., a wholly owned subsidiary of the provincial SASAC, according to the prospectus. Moutai Group also plans to use some of the proceeds to repay Guizhou Expressway's debts and replenish its working capital.
Founded in 1993, Guizhou Expressway is one of the largest highway operators in the province. The company plunged into the red in the first half of this year, intensifying pressure on it to reduce its debt.
As of the end of June, the company had total liabilities of 289.4 billion yuan, with a liability-to-asset ratio of about 70%, according to the prospectus.
Moutai Group plans to repay the seven-year bonds it will issue with operating revenue, the prospectus said. Ratings firm China Chengxin International Rating Co. Ltd. has given the company a "AAA" issuer credit rating.
Kweichou Moutai has recently taken a series of measures to help the Guizhou government with its debt. The company's board of directors has given one of its subsidiaries the go-ahead to spend the equivalent of up to 70% of its total capital on bonds and other types of fixed-income securities, according to a Tuesday filing.
The subsidiary will likely purchase bonds issued by local government financing vehicles in the province to defuse debt risk, market participants said.
Guizhou is one of China's poorest provinces, and the market has been keeping a close eye on its climbing debt levels. Industry experts have warned of mounting risks as several of its cities have reported delayed repayments on nonstandard debt products like trust loans.
At the end of 2019, the provincial government had repayment obligations on 967.3 billion yuan of outstanding debt, the seventh largest among the mainland's 31 provincial-level regions, according to a report from securities brokerage Guotai Junan Securities Co. Ltd. The debt overhang was equal to 146.3% of the provincial government's overall fiscal capacity, ranking at the top and far exceeding the 100% red line set by the Ministry of Finance.
Han Wei contributed to this report.
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