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What Xi Jinping learned from Tiananmen crackdown

Newly revealed papers from 1989 show Beijing's fear of 'foreign hostile forces'

TOKYO -- Three decades have passed since the Chinese Communist Party resorted to bullets and tanks to silence unarmed demonstrators seeking democracy and an end to corruption in the heart of Beijing. From then and to its current leadership under President Xi Jinping, the party has taken the path of promoting economic growth, while tightening its grip on power and keeping a lid on any move toward political liberalization.

On the eve of the 30th anniversary of the Tiananmen Square crackdown, independent Hong Kong publisher New Century Press has published copies of transcripts of discussions by top party leaders and elders at the closed-door meetings in the immediate aftermath of June 4, 1989.

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