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World population hits 8bn, but falling births mean slower growth ahead

Shrinking demographic dividend confronts nations with economic challenge

Japan will forbid using genetically altered eggs to produce babies after the uproar around a Chinese scientist who claims to have done so.
Japan is among the countries struggling with declining fertility and an aging population.   © Reuters

TOKYO -- The world population has reached 8 billion people, the United Nations estimates, crossing a new milestone as growth drops to a postwar low.

The U.N. declared Tuesday the "Day of 8 Billion," and the United Nations Population Fund called for "investing in people and making our societies inclusive, so that everyone is afforded a quality of life that allows them to thrive in our changing world."

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